Ecuador is a South American country that is located near the Equator, which
is why its name literally translates to the Republic of the Equator. The country is bordered by Peru and
Colombia. It also enjoys a large coastline along the Pacific Ocean on its West coast.
Ecuador is the home of many different species of plants and animals.
This is mainly because of the Galapagos Islands are part of Ecuador, along with the diversity in the Amazon region
The Galapagos Islands are widely known to have a large amount of endemic
species that are not found anywhere else in the world. In fact, famous scientist Charles Darwin traveled to
the islands to develop his theories of evolution and natural selection.
Spanish is the most commonly spoke language in Ecuador because Spanish
explorers settled the area during the period of colonization. Before the Spanish invaded the area, Ecuador
was part of the great Inca Empire. In 1820, Ecuador officially became an independent country from Spain.
Similarly to other South and Central American countries, Ecuador has had periods of military government rule in its
history. However, the country returned to democracy on April 29, 1979 when elections were held under a new
The climate of the region offers a great amount of variety. This is
because the altitude in the country is different throughout the area. More humid, subtropical and Rain Forest
climates exist primarily in the lowlands of Ecuador.
The area along the Pacific coast has a very tropical climate. In these
Pacific coast regions, the people deal with severe rainy seasons every year. However, in the highlands a more
temperate and dry climate exists. In addition, because of Ecuador’s location by the Equator, there is
relatively no change in the amount of daylight during all four seasons throughout the country.
Ecuadorians primarily play soccer, or football as it is called locally, as
their dominant sport. The professional league is the most successful and well-known professional sporting
league in the country. When the National team plays, it is one of the most watched events in the
The Ecuadorian national team qualified for the FIFA World Cup in 2002 and
2006. In 2006, Ecuador even advanced past the group stage because they finished second in their group, ahead
of both Poland and Costa Rica.
Ecuador is a country that continues to advance in areas of health care,
education, and scientific research. Consequently, Ecuador is becoming a stronger country that is visited by
more people every year.